Weekly Reports | Apr 06 2023
This story features LIONTOWN RESOURCES LIMITED, and other companies. For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: LTR
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By Greg Peel
Week Ending March 30, 2023.
Last week a global banking crisis was seemingly averted by the cavalry (at least worst case scenarios are not on the menu, short term), sparking a rally on Wall Street and the ASX200 joining in. The local market was also energised by takeover activity.
On the Tuesday, a takeover offer for lithium miner Liontown Resources ((LTR)) from the world’s biggest lithium producer, US-based Albemarle, had Liontown shares jumping 68%, dragging up other listed lithium miners in sympathy, notably Core Lithium ((CXO)), Sayona Mining ((SYA)) and Lake Resources ((LKE)), among others.
There was also an offer made for United Malt ((UMG)), sparking a surge in those shares.
I noted in last week’s Report that as of the week before, lithium miners were quite prevalent targets for the shorters, as lithium prices had begun to rollover. “No doubt the extensive rallies seen for those miners on Tuesday owed a lot to short-covering”.
For Liontown, yes. Shorts fell last week to 6.0% from 9.1%. Short reductions in other lithium miners were more muted. Core Lithium fell to 9.5% from 10.1% and Lake Resources fell to 5.9% from 6.2%, while Sayona shorts were steady on 8.6%.
United Malt fell out of the bottom of the 5%-plus table from 5.3%.
Having done their dough in lithium, shorters have instead moved into cobalt. Jervois Mining ((JRV)) has appeared in the table at 5.5%. The stock halved in value (to 6c) last Wednesday following a big earnings forecast downgrade from Macquarie (Outperform) due to lower forecasts for cobalt prices, on top of company-specific operational hiccups.
I have been highlighting moves up in the table for discretionary retail stocks, as shorters smell a consumer strike this year. Temple & Webster ((TPW)) moved up again last week, to 8.1% from 7.0%.
By contrast, shorts in Betmakers Technology ((BET)) fell to 7.0% from 10.1% the week before, after Tom Waterhouse sold down his stake, and last week fell to 6.0%.
Weekly short positions as a percentage of market cap:
In: MP1 Out: CXO
In: CXO Out: MP1, LTR
PBH, AMA, BRN, BRG
In: AMA, BRG Out: TPW, JBH, BET
NXT, JBH, VUL, DOW, MSB, ARB, LTR, BET
In: LTR, JBH, BET Out: AMA, BRG, LKE
LKE, BOQ, CCP, ABB, ACL, SHV, IEL, JRV, AWC, WEB, HVN, OBL
In: LKE, JRV, OBL Out: 29M, UMG, BOE, CUV
Movers & Shakers
Nothing this week.
ASX20 Short Positions (%)
|Code||Last Week||Week Before||Code||Last Week||Week Before|
To see the full Short Report, please go to this link
The Short Report draws upon data provided by the Australian Securities & Investment Commission (ASIC) to highlight significant weekly moves in short positions registered on stocks listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX). Short positions in exchange-traded funds (ETF) and non-ordinary shares are not included. Short positions below 5% are not included in the table below but may be noted in the accompanying text if deemed significant.
Please take note of the Important Information provided at the end of this report. Percentage amounts in this report refer to percentage of ordinary shares on issue.
Stock codes highlighted in green have seen their short positions reduce in the week by an amount sufficient to move them into a lower percentage bracket. Stocks highlighted in red have seen their short positions increase in the week by an amount sufficient to move them into a higher percentage bracket. Moves in excess of one percentage point or more are discussed in the Movers & Shakers report below.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS REPORT
The above information is sourced from daily reports published by the Australian Investment & Securities Commission (ASIC) and is provided by FNArena unqualified as a service to subscribers. FNArena would like to make it very clear that immediate assumptions cannot be drawn from the numbers alone.
It is wrong to assume that short percentages published by ASIC simply imply negative market positions held by fund managers or others looking to profit from a fall in respective share prices. While all or part of certain short percentages may indeed imply such, there are also a myriad of other reasons why a short position might be held which does not render that position “naked” given offsetting positions held elsewhere. Whatever balance of percentages truly is a “short” position would suggest there are negative views on a stock held by some in the market and also would suggest that were the news flow on that stock to turn suddenly positive, “short covering” may spark a short, sharp rally in that share price. However short positions held as an offset against another position may prove merely benign.
Often large short positions can be attributable to a listed hybrid security on the same stock where traders look to “strip out” the option value of the hybrid with offsetting listed option and stock positions. Short positions may form part of a short stock portfolio offsetting a long share price index (SPI) futures portfolio – a popular trade which seeks to exploit windows of opportunity when the SPI price trades at an overextended discount to fair value. Short positions may be held as a hedge by a broking house providing dividend reinvestment plan (DRP) underwriting services or other similar services. Short positions will occasionally need to be adopted by market makers in listed equity exchange traded fund products (EFT). All of the above are just some of the reasons why a short position may be held in a stock but can be considered benign in share price direction terms due to offsets.
Market makers in stock and stock index options will also hedge their portfolios using short positions where necessary. These delta hedges often form the other side of a client's long stock-long put option protection trade, or perhaps long stock-short call option (“buy-write”) position. In a clear example of how published short percentages can be misleading, an options market maker may hold a short position below the implied delta hedge level and that actually implies a “long” position in that stock.
Another popular trading strategy is that of “pairs trading” in which one stock is held short against a long position in another stock. Such positions look to exploit perceived imbalances in the valuations of two stocks and imply a “net neutral” market position.
Aside from all the above reasons as to why it would be a potential misconception to draw simply conclusions on short percentages, there are even wider issues to consider. ASIC itself will admit that short position data is not an exact science given the onus on market participants to declare to their broker when positions truly are “short”. Without any suggestion of deceit, there are always participants who are ignorant of the regulations. Discrepancies can also arise when short positions are held by a large investment banking operation offering multiple stock market services as well as proprietary trading activities. Such activity can introduce the possibility of either non-counting or double-counting when custodians are involved and beneficial ownership issues become unclear.
Finally, a simple fact is that the Australian Securities Exchange also keeps its own register of short positions. The figures provided by ASIC and by the ASX at any point do not necessarily correlate.
FNArena has offered this qualified explanation of the vagaries of short stock positions as a warning to subscribers not to jump to any conclusions or to make investment decisions based solely on these unqualified numbers. FNArena strongly suggests investors seek advice from their stock broker or financial adviser before acting upon any of the information provided herein.
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For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: BET - BETMAKERS TECHNOLOGY GROUP LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: CXO - CORE LITHIUM LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: JRV - JERVOIS GLOBAL LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: LKE - LAKE RESOURCES N.L.
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: LTR - LIONTOWN RESOURCES LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: SYA - SAYONA MINING LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: TPW - TEMPLE & WEBSTER GROUP LIMITED
For more info SHARE ANALYSIS: UMG - UNITED MALT GROUP LIMITED